Benenzon Music Therapy Model

Benenzon Music Therapy Model (BMTM)

The Benenzon Music Therapy  Model is considered one of the five most important recognized models of music therapy.
Prof. Dr. Benenzon began designing this model in 1969. The model has been structuring, organizing and taking theoretical and practical evidence consistently develop it over the last 40 years. The model has grown in its development and clinical applications, through teaching, research and supervision of therapists in various countries in America and Europe. BMTM is a humanistic approach that starts from premises of dynamic models of therapeutic intervention, the theory of human communication, and other related fields of knowledge.

The BMTM considers and integrates ideas from, among others, Freud, Jung, Watzlawick, Konrad Lorenz, Fiorini, Winnicott, Schaeffer, Sachs, Shaffer, Willems, Dalcroze, Kodaly, Orff, Martenot, etc.

In the BMTM the main objective is to open new channels of communication between the patient and the music therapist. The absence of the spoken word in communicating “liberates” the therapeutic relationship from verbal conscious filters. The patient expresses himself using musical instruments and other objects or elements of analog communication like water, wood, cotton etc. The therapist’s task is to wait, attend, listen and receive the patient in a linking space where the patient can relive past situations and events, conflicts and restore personal or relational difficulties.The Benenzon model framework and its ethics promote corrective emotional experience, containing transference phenomenon and actuating other dynamic elements without stigmatizing, labeling, interpretating, judging or interfering with the expression of the patient. Unconditional acceptance, floating listening, and empathy are key elements of the therapeutic relationship and highlights the ethical approach of the model.

Implicit memory is the “black box” of the prenatal environment and records many difficulties that may accompany pregnancy. The nonverbal language  is the implicit memory code and joins us from even before birth because we are already in the desires and conflicts of our parents. BMTM may be of particular interest in fertility field, because in addition to providing music and sound, the model drives other elements that make sense of and have strong emotional connections with the implicit and archaic memory of the parents. The framing of the sessions allows unconscious expressions to emerge, rediscovering the communicative potential of the participants, and allowing them to learn more about themselves, their relationships and their bondwith their future baby. The structure of the process and its evolution promotes discharge of tensions through the liberation of energy and own emotional expression reducing the levels of stress and anxiety.

The BMTM music therapy process respects and promotes the free expression of the sonorous identity of parents opening new channels and enhancing their communication skills. Attention, awareness and self-care of the mother in the process will favor the transmission of sound energy reflecting with the mother’s positive moods and feelings.

Sound energy as a communication tool between parents and their future baby may also be used in the case of premature childbirth, where the effectiveness of music therapy has been empirically proven. In this case, music therapy is a birth facilitator. It also helps in the first year of life, as it calms the newborn baby and increases the sucking reflex


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